Trivandrum Pain Management Centre – Kerala’s First Dedicated Pain Hospital

BACK PAIN

Symptoms of Back Pain

Back pain affects more than 80% of people at some point in their lives. It ranks among the top causes of doctor visits. 90% of the time, it is only a transient problem, and the pain goes away without surgery. However, 50% of people who experience low back pain episodes will experience them again within a year. About 20% of people who experience acute back pain go on to develop chronic back pain, which is pain that persists for 12 weeks or more.

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CAUSES OF BACK PAIN

Back pain is usually associated with the following conditions

  • Injuries
  • Strain of a muscle or sprain of the ligament
  • Lifting a heavy object with poor body mechanics
  • Sudden movements that causes too much stress on the low back
  • Poor ergonomics
  • Repetitive injuries
  • Sports injuries
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Herniated disc
  • Sciatica
  • Spondyloarthritis
  • Facet arthritis
  • Myofacial pain syndrome MFPS
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spinal stenosis.
  • Spinal osteoarthritis (spondylosis)
  • Vertebral Osteoporosis
  • Kidney stones

RISK FACTORS OF LOW BACK PAIN

  • Age
  • Obese
  • Genetics
  • Jobs or activities related
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Poor loading technique
  • Poor posture
  • Poor muscle balance
  • Weakness or tightness of muscles

ORIGIN OF BACK PAIN

  • It starts as a pain in the low back that can radiate down into the buttocks, hips or legs.
  • Pain can be constant, intermittent or activity-related
  • Difficulty moving
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to stand up straight
  • Inability to flex the back
  • Inability to lie straight

TREATMENT OPTIONS

Everyone experiences back pain in a different way. The majority of back pain patients experience relief after a month of conservative therapy, however some experience suffering for several months or even years. Resting in bed is not encouraged. Instead, it is advised to carry on with activities to the best of one’s ability. Regular walking and other simple activities are advised as light exercise. After a few weeks of using conservative approaches, the doctor might recommend stronger medications or different types of therapies. Since decade of experience, we are famed as the pioneers in pain management providing world-class solutions and a heart of perfect care for patients suffering from pain. Get the best pain relief for joint pain with us.

COMMON MEDICATIONS FOR BACK PAIN INCLUDE:

  • Over-the-counter pain medications like NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Opioids
  • Nerve modulators
  • Topical rubs and ointments

PHYSIOTHERAPY

  There are active as well as inactive treatments. Inactive therapies such as heat and cold therapy, ultrasonic massage, TENS, and others serve to enhance circulation by easing pain, inflammation, and muscular tension. Traditional therapy like stretching and strengthening exercises are examples of active treatments. Back pain patients who receive customised physical treatment can regain function and resume their regular jobs. 

NON-SURGICAL PAIN MANAGEMENT

  • Epidural injection – Your doctor will insert a small needle into the epidural area and administer a small dose of medication to relieve the pain under fluoroscopic guidance. It is regarded as very effective for the treatment of back pain.
  • Facet joint blocks where drugs are delivered into the facet joint
  • Spinal cord stimulations
  • A wonderful and effective therapeutic option that can relieve pain without surgery when the inflammation in and around the affected nerves is too high for an epidural injection.
  • Radiofrequency ablation – In this procedure, the affected nerve is degenerated with the help of heat.
  • Ozone discectomy
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Treatment of back pain and sciatic pain

Spinal Injections: Injections like the Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar Interlaminar Epidural Injections and Transforaminal injection are injections into the opening at the side of the spine where a nerve roots exits. These injections reduce the inflammation and swelling of spinal nerve roots and other tissues surrounding the spinal nerve root and reduces pain, tingling and numbness and other symptoms caused by such inflammation, irritation or swelling.

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HOW TO AVOID BACK PAIN:

  • Keep a healthy weight and nutrition.
  • Refrain from spending too much time lying in bed.
  • Keep a good posture.
  • Put on a pair of relaxed, low-heeled shoes.
  • Use a high-quality, medium-firm mattress while you sleep to lessen any spine bending.
  • Give up smoking
  • Engaging in frequent, appropriate exercise

Our Doctors

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Dr. Aksar AM. MBBS, MD, FIPM (GERMANY)

Dr Aksar earned his medical degree and he continued his training with an Internship and Residency in Anesthesiology and a Fellowship n Pain Management from Aesculap Academy, Germany, Board certified in Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Dr Aksar has extensive experience with the management and interventional procedures used to treat pain

Dr Shareena Musthafa

MBBS, MD (PMR), DNB (PMR), FIPM (PAIN MEDICINE), FCPPM (PALLIATIVE MEDICINE), PGDIP (RHEUMATOLOGY), EULAR CERTIFIED (RHEUMATOLOGY), DIPLOMA IN FOOTBALL MEDICINE

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